Heinrich Ignaz Franz von
Biber (August 12, 1644 – May 3, 1704) was a
Bohemian-Austrian composer and violinist.
Biber was born in Wartenberg (now Stráž pod Ralskem, Czech Republic). He
was first a violinist at the castle of Kroměříž and the Salzburg court. In
1684 he became Kapellmeister in Salzburg, where he died twenty years
His prolific works show a predilection for canonic
use and harmonic diapason that pre-date the later Baroque works of Johann
Pachelbel and Johann Sebastian Bach. He was known as a violin virtuoso and
is best known for his violin works, many of which employ scordatura
(unconventional tunings of the open strings).
('Representatio Avium'), for solo violin.
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